Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Sunshine Chapter 12 Free Essays

I put Altar and Sordid Enchantments on one of the hip-high heaps of books to peruse next toward the side of the lounge room, and got out the silver clean. Not standard gear in my family: I’d got some before I got back home. The glyph came up perfectly. We will compose a custom article test on Daylight Chapter 12 or then again any comparative theme just for you Request Now But I still couldn’t make out the figures. It was unusually overwhelming for plate. What's more, doesn’t plate will in general look platy when you’ve sparkled it up? Possibly I just knew modest plate. All things considered. The image at the top was round, with twisted and spiky lines woven through it. The image at the base was limited at the base and fat at the top. The one in the middle†¦might possibly have four legs, which would probably make it a creature. Right. Two squiggles and an obscure creature. The top squiggle could be an image for the sun. The base squiggle could be an image for a tree. Furthermore, in the event that it was strong silver †regardless of whether the round squiggle wasn’t the sun and the fat-on-the-top squiggle wasn’t a tree †it was as yet an obvious choice as an enemy of Other ward. None of the Others preferred silver. Whatever it was, seeing it made my spirits lift. For somebody under two demise dangers †in addition, I assume, the inconsistent dangers of Pat and Jesse’s thought of what my future ought to incorporate, assuming I had a future, in light of the fact that, on the off chance that I did, I would spend it imprisoned in a little cushioned room †this was adequate. I put it in the cabinet in the little table close to my bed. I rested that night, you ought to excuse the term, the rest of the dead. So when the alert went off I was practically prepared to get up. The possibility of the night to come began to crawl up on me very quickly, however there were interruptions: Mr. Cagney grumbled that his roll didn’t have enough cinnamon filling at seven a.m., Paulie called at seven-fifteen with a head cold, and Kenny dropped a plate of messy plates at seven-thirty. He’d been improving since Mel’d had his statement, yet he’d chose he’d preferably do the early hours over the late ones, and this was possibly going to work on the off chance that he returned home sooner to get his work done sooner to get the chance to bed sooner. Not my concern. Aside from as far as Liz investing energy assisting with cleaning the floor as opposed to emptying treat plate and biscuit tins for me. Pat came in about midmorning and entered my floury den. â€Å"Thought you’d like to know †the young lady from a few evenings ago. She’s come round. She doesn’t recall a thing from the time the sucker addressed her to awakening in the emergency clinic the following morning. She doesn’t recall the person was a sucker. What's more, she’s fine. A little frightened, however fine.† Translation: the main on-the-spot observer doesn’t recall what she saw, or if nothing else isn’t saying anything. What's more, Jesse and Theo, who were guaranteeing the strike for SOF (you don’t kill vampires, obviously, albeit the greater part of us civvies utilize the term; in SOF-talk you strike them), were there just seconds after me and before any other person. Aside from possibly Mrs. Bialosky. However, it was one of those occasions when the café plan separates, and Charlie and Mel and Mom and I held the pieces along with our teeth. We generally have in any event sooner or later during a seven-day (or thirteen-day, contingent upon how you’re checking) week. Also the possibility of getting up at three-forty-five on Thursday. During a thirteen-day week. My feeling of mysterious abuse fixed at any rate, however it had a difficult, but not impossible task ahead. I had forty-five minutes off from ten-forty-five to eleven-thirty, between the typical daytime preparing and the start of the lunch surge, and close to 60 minutes off at three-thirty, while a skeleton staff got us through the late-evening biscuit and scone swarm, before the more steady supper swell started †in addition to a few tea with elective anti-inflamatory medicine breaks. I returned home at nine. Any individual who needed treat after that could have ginger pound cake or Indian pudding or Chocoholia. It wasn’t a night for singular organic product tarts. Luckily I was worn out enough to rest. Before I’d discovered I would have been working throughout the day I had thought I wouldn’t rest by any means; when I returned home I knew I’d rest, yet expected I’d get a few hours and be alert by 12 PM, trusting that something will occur. I’d invested some energy thinking about what I should, you know, wear. This vampire in the room thing was a play more seriously annoying than this vampire around at all thing. Regardless of whether the discon-certingness was just occurring in my brain. There was an end product to the anecdote about male suckers having the option to keep it up uncertainly: that you needed to, er, welcome them over that edge first as well. In any case, on the off chance that they could entice you into passing on just by taking a gander at you, at that point they could most likely perform different enchantments too. Alright, this specific vampire had declined to entice me to death when he could have. This was a hint of something to look forward to the extent it went. I helped myself that the sound to remember his giggling made me need to hurl, and that in daylight he looked†¦well, dead. Let’s get genuine here. I couldn’t potentially be intrigued in†¦ I automatically recalled that feeling of vampire in the room. It wasn’t like the pheromone fog when your eyes lock with somebody else’s over a room, swarmed or something else, and wham. It truly was not in any way like that. In any case, it was more similar to that than everything else I could consider. It most likely had something to do with the pinnacle experience business: with a vampire in the room you are staying there hoping to bite the dust. Sex and passing, isn't that so? Pinnacle encounters. What's more, since I didn’t go in for any of the standard neck-gambling diversions I didn’t have a great deal of down to earth information on the hormone surge you get when you might be going to snuff it. Maybe somebody who adored free-fall parachuting or shark wrestling would discover vampires in the room less upsetting. Don't bother. Let’s leave it that vampires pervading your private spaces are overwhelming, and one of the approaches to harden †er †help assurance is to wear cautiously chose for-the-event confidence boosting apparel. I headed to sleep wearing my most seasoned, most blurred wool shirt, the bra that had glanced OK in the inventory however was clearly an escapee from a downmarket nursing home when it showed up, white cotton undies that had pansies on them around 700 washings prior and were presently a sort of mottled dark, and the pants I for the most part wore for housecleaning or raking Yolande’s garden since they were unreasonably decrepit for work regardless of whether I never came out of the bread kitchen. Food examiner capture without hesitation pants. Gracious, and fluffy green plaid socks. It was a cool night for summer. Generally. I set down on the blanket. What's more, dozed through till the alert at three-forty-five. He hadn’t come. That was not one of my better days at work. I growled at each and every individual who addressed me, and growled more terrible when nobody growled back. Mel, who might have, wasn’t there. Mother, luckily, didn’t have the opportunity to get into an angry contention with me, so we shot a couple of salvos over each other’s retires from, to our different harbors. We tried to avoid each other’s way yet it wasn’t like Mom to stay away from a decent bursting column with her little girl when one was advertised. What had she speculating while I’d been up to my speculating? There was a considerable amount in the writing of terrible crosses about trivial, issue that crosses over into intolerability irritations that influenced the situation. I’d been checking globenet files when I could have been perusing Sordid Enchantments. â€Å"I’m not a goddam invalid!† I wailed at Charlie. â€Å"I don’t should be treated with gloves and †and chamber pots! If you don't mind, kindly let me know I’m being a hopeless bitch and you’d like to overturn a trash receptacle over my head!† There was an interruption. ‘Well, the thought had entered my thoughts said Charlie. I remained there, rich clench hands grasped, breathing hard. â€Å"Thank you,† I said. â€Å"Anything you need to talk about?† Charlie said in his best spur of the moment way. I considered it. Charlie sauntered over and shut the bread kitchen entryway. Entryways don’t get shut much at the café, so when one is, you’d better not open it for anything short of a coachload of sightseers who didn’t book ahead, have forty-five minutes for lunch before they meet their guide at the Other Museum, which is a fifteen-minute mentor ride away (it’s just seven minutes by walking, yet attempt to persuade a coachload of vacationers of that), they all need hamburgers and French fries and won’t take a gander at the menu, we’re not vigorously into burgers so our flame broil is somewhat little, and we don’t do fries by any means, with the exception of on extraordinary, when they’re not what burger eaters would call fries at any rate. This truly happened once, and when Mom got past with that visit organization the president was on his knees, offering her propitiatory free extravagance travels for two in the Caribbean, or if nothing else all future feast appointments of his visit bunches when they came to New Arcadia, made well ahead of time. She acknowledged the last mentioned, and the Earth Trek Touring Company (the president’s name is Benjamin Sisko, however I wager that wasn’t the one he was brought into the world with, and you should see the logo on their mentors) was presently perhaps the best client. We could nearly resign on what they got us August. Also, we showed his normal visit pioneers how to locate the Other Museum by walking. This made the mentor drivers love us as well. This isn't what the city board had at the top of the priority list when they were slobbering over the possibility of seeing New Arcadia on the new post-Wars map, yet the Other Museum is the reason coachloads

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Free Essays on Jimmys Trip

â€Å"Wait!† was the principal word that rung a bell when he got some answers concerning the new life in front of him. This is his story. Jimmy was brought up in the nation. His mom kicked the bucket when he was youthful so it was simply Jimmy and his father. At school Jimmy was consistently top of the class and consistently got his work turned in on schedule. His dad maintained an independent venture from home selling restroom and kitchen items. Since Jimmy knew his father didn’t make much out of the business he never requested anything he didn’t need and consistently bolstered his father’s new thoughts. Jimmy knew where it counts that his father’s business was going down the channel despite the fact that he could state nothing. One morning the telephone rang and Jimmy replied. It was a call Jimmy realized was coming however had not been anticipating. He figured he ought to be glad yet it was a lot for him. He needed to tell his dad how he felt and that he needed to remain in the nation. However, his dad was excited and Jimmy couldn’t hurt him like that. His father had been extended to an employment opportunity with a prominent city organization. In the wake of applying for work with them commonly he had at long last worked his way to the highest point of the holding up list and was in. This would mean leaving the little nation town and moving onto a little square in a bustling city. In spite of the fact that this appeared as though the conclusion to Jimmy he never grumbled in any event, when his dad inquired as to whether he approved of it. Jimmy realized he would be moving at any rate so he figured there was no motivation to offend his by coming clean with him. Still Jimmy didn’t need to go. The outing starting from the country to the city was a long and tiring excursion. Instantly at all Jimmy wound up unloading his assets in a little white new stay with one little window through which everything he could see was the neighbors outside divider. As the move had come toward the beginning of the mid year occasions Jimmy had the couple of months to settle in and around the area and ... Free Essays on Jimmy's Trip Free Essays on Jimmy's Trip â€Å"Wait!† was the main word that struck a chord when he got some answers concerning the new life in front of him. This is his story. Jimmy was brought up in the nation. His mom kicked the bucket when he was youthful so it was simply Jimmy and his father. At school Jimmy was consistently top of the class and consistently got his work turned in on schedule. His dad maintained an independent company from home selling washroom and kitchen items. Since Jimmy knew his father didn’t make much out of the business he never requested anything he didn’t need and consistently upheld his father’s new thoughts. Jimmy knew where it counts that his father’s business was going down the channel despite the fact that he could state nothing. One morning the telephone rang and Jimmy replied. It was a call Jimmy realized was coming however had not been anticipating. He figured he ought to be glad however it was a lot for him. He needed to tell his dad how he felt and that he needed to remain in the nation. In any case, his dad was excited and Jimmy couldn’t hurt him like that. His father had been extended to an employment opportunity with a prominent city organization. Subsequent to applying for work with them commonly he had at long last worked his way to the highest point of the holding up list and was in. This would mean leaving the little nation town and moving onto a little square in a bustling city. Despite the fact that this appeared as though the conclusion to Jimmy he never whined in any event, when his dad inquired as to whether he approved of it. Jimmy realized he would be moving in any case so he figured there was no motivation to offend his by coming clean with him. Still Jimmy didn’t need to go. The excursion starting from the country to the city was a long and tiring excursion. In a matter of moments at all Jimmy wound up unloading his effects in a little white new live with one little window through which everything he could see was the neighbors outside divider. As the move had come toward the beginning of the late spring occasions Jimmy had the couple of months to settle in and around the area and ...

Sunday, August 9, 2020

A Few Reminders COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog

A Few Reminders COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog I am happy to say that we are down to the 1% mark in terms of applications that we need to finalize decisions on.   If you are in this last group that has yet to receive an email from us welcoming you to view your decision, this is the week. I also wanted to provide a few reminders for recently admitted candidates.   First, we hope you will make use of an internet based message board to interact with one another and with admitted candidates.   The log in information for the message board is on the Welcome Page referenced in your admission letter. Next, there is an event admitted students are welcome to attend in Washington, D.C. this weekend.   The original deadline to RSVP was March 25th but we have been offered an extension.   If you have been admitted and wish to attend this event, please visit the Welcome Page as soon as possible for details on how to RSVP. Finally, Admitted Student Day April 12th and registration information is also on the Welcome Page.   If you can make it we would love to see you.   For those unable to make it resources are provided on the Welcome Page.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Allegorical Analysis of Shakespeare´s Hamlet Essay

During the life of William Shakespeare, the Roman Catholic Church was still going through a difficult time of change in England because of an act about thirty years prior due to King Henry VIII. King Henry VIII pleaded to the pope for an annulment because he believed with a new wife he would be able to produce a son since he had not been successful with his current wife. The pope denied his annulment and King Henry VIII was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church. He decided to create his own religion called the Church of England. The English people rapidly converted to follow his faith because the remaining Roman Catholics were being persecuted. Shakespeares parents were Catholic and Shakespeare himself was believed to be Roman†¦show more content†¦Gertrude, Polontius, and Laetres are easily seen to be the converts who quickly followed the Church of England. Horatio is symbolically the apostles because at the end of the play he was left to tell Fortinbras what had hap pened. Throughout the play sin is greatly exposed through multiple characters from Orphelia committing the sin of pride, to Gertrude committing the sin of adultery, to more obvious sin of murder. The final act of the play with the fencing scene with the death of many represents Judgment Day. With all these sins the final act of the play makes more sense because Hamlet, Jesus, followed his fathers plan so he is the only one to receive praise from Fortinbras and enter into heaven while for the other it is unclear if they entered into heaven or not. Though some may read Shakespeare and only see what is written, others are able to understand his true ingenious mind when they read it for his his allegorical meaning. Hamlet to many is one of Shakespeares most tragic and gruesome plays with the death toll so high, but it is a very religious play with a deeper allegorical meaning. Hamlet is a play about crazy adulterous revenge or rather a play about remaining faithful to the Roman Catholi c Church in a time of chaos. A new appreciation for Shakespeare has been inspired due to the new eyes his plays are now readShow MoreRelatedMorality And Redemption : An Admirable Treatise On The Nature Of Guilt And Individual Fate1640 Words   |  7 PagesMorality and redemption are topics for whose nature there is little consensus. People often allow such statements like â€Å"s/he deserved what they got† or â€Å"they didn’t deserve that† to define their conversations on a daily basis, all the while taking for granted that they know what such a thing as â€Å"deserving† even entails. But what really determines whether or not someone deserves a certain fate, no matter how grave? Do guilt or remorse mitigate one’s deserving whatever fate befalls them, or does someone’sRead MoreThe Role of Drama in Our Society4602 Words   |  19 Pagesaction. All characters must appear natural so that their motivations and reactions as well as their exits and entrances seem realistic to the audience. Some dramatists introduce a wider range of characters into their plays than other authors. Shakespeare has the widest, most developed range of any playwright. Characters are developed through their dialogue and their actions. Their dialogue carries the plot and theme of the play and must be adapted to their individual characters. If dialogue isRead MoreA Picatrix Miscellany52019 Words   |  209 PagesLondon, The Warburg Institute, University of London, 1962 French B. Bakhouche, F. Fauquier, B. Pà ©rez-Jean: Picatrix Un traità © de magie mà ©dià ©val. 388 p., 130 x 210 mm, 2003, Paperback ISBN 2-503-51068-X, EUR 37.91. Newest critical edition. French S. Matton, La magie arabe traditionelle, Paris, 1977 (incomplete) Latin Picatrix: The Latin Version of the Ghà ¢yat Al-Hakà ®m, ed. David Pingree (London, Warburg Institute, 1986). Spanish Abul-Casim Maslama ben Ahmad: Picatrix (El fin del sabio y el mejor

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and the Model of Human...

Running head: COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY AND THE MODEL Abstract Human behavior can be explained by a variety of biological, psychosocial, and environmental factors interacting on a person over time. The values, beliefs, and goals that determine the behaviors one engages in are developed through cognitive processes unique to each individual as a result of the interplay between previous learning and the aforementioned factors. When considered together, the Model of Human Occupation and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy give an explanation for this view of human behavior. These frames of reference are reviewed in regards to their conceptions of behavior, dysfunction, treatment approach, and their relevance to occupational therapy.†¦show more content†¦Volition is determined by ones innate drive to master his/her environment, as well as his/her beliefs surrounding a behavior (Bruce Borg, 1993). Personal causation, values, and interests comprise volition. Personal causation is the motivation and expectations surrounding a behavior. It incorporate s past successes and failures to form images of self-efficacy. Values represent the importance of certain behaviors to an individual. Interests are determined by the pleasure one derives from engaging in a specific occupation (Kielhofner Burke, 1980). Volition is believed to govern over the lower subsystems of the hierarchy (Kielhofner Burke, 1980). The middle subsystem is defined as habituation. Habituation is responsible for organizing behavior into roles, patterns, and routines. Roles reflect a group of behaviors with which an individual may have certain expectations of performance. The individuals beliefs and society influence these expectations. Roles contribute to self-identity and influence behavior. This organization allows for certain behaviors to be performed automatically and adapted to various environments. Performance, the lowest subsystem within the hierarchy, consists of the skills necessary for producing behavior. These include perceptual-motor processing skills, cognition, and communication. The function of the performance subsystem is to produce behaviors calledShow MoreRelatedA Look at Human Behavior: Cognitive-Behavioral Frame of Reference1849 Words   |  8 PagesHuman behavior can be perceived through an in finite amount of perspectives; each individual has their own philosophy regarding the topic. The question of why do people do what they do has been around for ages, and when occupational therapist are asked the question often they turn to theories and frames of references for answers. A frame of reference is a â€Å"set of internally consistent and related concepts, postulates and principles that could be used to guide practice† (Bruce Borg, 2007). TheseRead MorePerformance Environment Occupation Performance Model1007 Words   |  5 PagesPerformance-Environment-Occupation-Performance Model Occupational Therapy, along with many other professions, have models that guide the profession. These models, known as the Occupational-based Models of Practice, guide Occupational Therapists in the care of clients (Cole Tufano, 2008, p. 87). Although there are many models, each model has its own distinct features and focuses. Similar in many forms, they also have unique characteristics, and each have a different emphasis. These models have the guidingRead MorePsychology : Counseling And Therapy Professions Essay1489 Words   |  6 PagesImmediately after the encounter with the man at the hospital, I started researching counseling and therapy professions. I had most of the prerequisites to apply to the programs, minus an abnormal psychology class. The following semester, I enrolled in Abnormal Psychology and found it to be one of the most interesting classes I had ever taken. One day I was walking on campus and ran into a past classmate from high school. As we exchanged conversati on and talked about our future plans, she informedRead MoreOccupational Therapy : A Diverse Field1395 Words   |  6 PagesOccupational Therapy focuses primarily on helping people in the things they want and need to do for everyday life through therapy. Occupational therapy is a diverse field that is a powerful, science-driven, and evidence-based profession. This career field requires friendliness, empathy, no judgement, knowledge, and assertiveness. Occupational therapists must also have good written, verbal, and nonverbal communication skills and critical thinking skills. It is a physically, mentally, and emotionallyRead MoreFamily Therapy Approaches For The Client s Diverse Needs2102 Words   |  9 Pages Family Therapy Approaches Maryam Salimpour MFCC/556 June 2, 2015 Megan Crouse, MFT Family Therapy Approaches Therapists work different theoretical perspectives to meet the client’s diverse needs. The object is to offer verbal and nonverbal, expressive therapies, such as Narrative, Solution-Focused and Brief Therapy, Behavioral Therapy, and Cognitive Therapy. The concept is to take into account the therapist preferences and the issues that the therapist would like to approach for the client’sRead MoreThe Underlying Cause Of Veteran Suicide1953 Words   |  8 Pagesthe Armed Forces and How to Prevent It I will use two different disciplines the first being Psychology. Psychology has long been used to study suicide and why it happens. Journals in the manner of Clinical Psychology have developed a theoretical model that hypothesizes that depression and self-derogation may lead to a lack of purpose in life, which, in turn, may lead to suicide ideation. (Lisa L. Harlow, 2006) Others research has focused on physical pain, social suffering and fear. It’s noted thatRead MoreThe Movie The Rain Man With Having Autism 866 Words   |  4 Pageshaving autism. The autism symptoms disorder had several of Raymond’s characteristics, such impairment in social interaction, and multiple nonverbal behaviors. In this moment the Medical Model applies in Raymond case, when Raymond as a patient and needed a specialist for his psychological, behavioral, or cognitive disabilities. (Cole). Raymond could not look at people eyes, and most of the times slouched down spoken to keeping on a conve rsation. He refuse any kind the touch or even any fast anticipationRead MoreCase of Ruth1478 Words   |  6 Pagesof Personality In reality, Ruth appears to have superficially avoided normal rebellion and have suppressed her sexuality except for adopting a wifely role with the first man she dated. Although she followed the format of using her mother as a role model and having children by an acceptable husband, she apparently abdicated in the struggles of sexuality, rebellion, and identification, leaving these conflicts unresolved. Her conscious recollection of her parents’ are of a rigid, fundamentalist fatherRead MoreA Brief Comparison of Historical Paths for the Clinical and Counselling Streams of Psychology2301 Words   |  10 PagesClinical psychology is primarily concerned with the assessment, treatment, and study of populations who experience severe mental illness (Bechtoldt, Campbell, Norcross, Wyckoff, Pokrywa, 2000; Norcross, 2000) clinical psychologists mostly employ behavioral and psychoanalytic theoretical orientations when treating clients (Norcross, 2000). In contrast, counselling psychologists generally aim to support people who, while not typically suffering from severe mental illness, need assistance in overcomingRead MoreEtiology of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Cbt)7923 Words   |  32 PagesCognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) of depression is a psychotherapeutic treatment approach that involves the application of specific, empirically supported strategies focused on changing nega tive thinking patterns and altering behavior. In order to alleviate the symptoms of depression, treatment is directed at the following three domains: cognition, behavioral and physiological. In the cognitive domain, patients learn to apply cognitive restructuring techniques so that negatively distorted thoughts

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Easter in Ukraine Free Essays

Easter (in Ukrainian: ‘Velykden’ or ‘Pasha’) is the most important holiday of the year in Ukraine. It’s celebrated on each first week after vernal equinox and full moon. Preparation for Easter starts seven weeks ahead of time with the advent of Lent. We will write a custom essay sample on Easter in Ukraine or any similar topic only for you Order Now Believers don’t eat meat and any animal products. Palm Sunday, the week before Easter, is known in Ukraine as Willow Sunday. People bring home willow branches which have been blessed in church and beat this willow of children that were not ill and were healthy. The week is dedicated to preparing for Easter. The Thursday before Easter is called Clean Thursday. During this time an effort is made to finish all field work before Thursday, since from Thursday on work is forbidden. Pure Thursday is connected with ritual of clarification by water. According to Ukrainian tradition one should bathe before sunrise on this day to be healthy all year. The house must be clean too. Good Friday is the day that the women of the family bake â€Å"pasha†, Ukrainian Easter bread. On Saturday children dye Easter eggs to add to the Easter basket which will be blessed in church. It also includes pysanka, salt, pasha, sausage, ham and most of the people also put in basket red sweet wine. In the evening people go to church for the Easter mass, which lasts all night. After that people go home to celebrate Easter with their families. If they meet other people on the way they say: â€Å"Christ is risen! † and these people should reply â€Å"Risen indeed†. All the people exchange Easter greetings and give each other painted eggs. On Easter day kids play their favorite Easter game: knocking the eggs. If you knock somebody’s egg and your egg is not broken than you are the winner. The Easter season in Ukraine comes to an end with the cult of the dead is observed. The dead are remembered during the whole week after Easter, especially on the first Monday following Easter Sunday. People gather in the cemeteries, bringing with them some food, candies and wine, which they consume, leaving the rest at the graves. How to cite Easter in Ukraine, Essay examples

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Corporation Law for Legal Business Structures - myassignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about theCorporation Law for Legal Business Structures. Answer: Introduction Businesses are structured based on the needs of their owners and their target markets. These varying business structures function in different ways based on their framework and regulations which govern them. Types of legal Business structures in Australia Sole Proprietorship A Sole Proprietorship business is a business structure where one person is in complete control over the affairs of the business (Harris, Hargovan Adams, 2017). This means that the owner of the business is solely responsible for all the legal aspects of it including all its debits and liabilities. This form of business is also known as sole trader. A sole trader business structure is relatively inexpensive and does not require any legal formalities such as incorporation. This makes it an ideal business structure for small-scale ventures that have function on relatively low capital and risks (Sweeney, OReilly Coleman, 2013). However, from the perspective of a sole trader the business structure has unlimited risks as the liability of the sole trader is unlimited (Burns, 2016). This means that his personal property can be attached to recover liabilities of his business. As a sole traders business is not distinguished from the owner as a separate entity and thus its liabilities are take n as the owners liabilities. In Australia obtaining an Australian Business Number (ABN) is sufficient to start a sole proprietorship business. Partnership A partnership is a business structure where various individuals agree to undertake business activities jointly with the aim of earning and sharing profits. A partnership is formed through mutual agreement and it is the mutuality of the transactions that forms the crux of this business structure (Harris, Hargovan Adams, 2017). The features of this form of business are the joint ownership of the venture, sharing of profits and losses and concurrent rights that can be mutually exercised. In the Australian legal system different states have enacted different partnership legislations such as the Partnership Act, 1892 enacted in New South Wales or the Partnership Act, 1891 which is in force in Queensland (Vermeesch Lindgren, 2001). Partnerships may have limited or unlimited liability depending on the framework of the organization (Allen Kraakman, 2016). In case of limited liability partnerships the liability of the partners are restricted to the amount guaranteed by them at the time of formation of the partnership. Corporation A corporation is the most common form of business structure for large-scale businesses and is a separate legal entity on its own. This means that a corporation or company is responsible for its own actions and can sue and be sued in its own name (Harris, Hargovan Adams, 2017). Thus a corporation is distinguished as a separate entity from its owners (shareholders). A company is Australia is governed under by the Corporations Act, 2001 which defines and regulates its functioning. Common law principles that have been developed through judgments delivered over the years would also apply to corporations (Kraakman Armour, 2017). A company is incorporated by virtue of the capital raised from investors who become shareholders once the investment is made. The corporate veil protects the administration of the company from liability and this had also been reiterated in Salomon v A Salomon Co Ltd [1896] UKHL 1 (Graw, 2011). However, in certain cases the court may lift the corporate veil and a ttribute liability to the administration if required by due process of law. Trusts Another business structure in use in Australia is the formation of a trust. A trust creates a fiduciary relationship between people who are tasked with holding property or assets for a beneficiary (Harris, Hargovan Adams, 2017). These individuals who hold the property are known as trustees. Trust law in Australia is derived from and English trust law and almost identically follows it. The formation of a trust involves the execution of a Trust Deed which defines and regulates it functioning (Latimer, 2016). The establishment of a trust is an expensive process and should only be employed in cases where the beneficiary is unable to manage and hold the properties in question. The trustees of a property have a legal interest in the property held by them whereas the beneficiaries in the scenario have an equitable interest. If a person holds both the equitable interest would be extinguished as held in Stickney v. Keeble [1915]AC386 (Luhmann, 2018). Joint Venture A joint venture is a unique business structure as it is ideally formed for one business project. This form of business is also called an unincorporated contractual association (Harris, Hargovan Adams, 2017). In this structure two or more business entities agree to undertake a project and the profits and losses are shared by these entities. The entities retain their separate existence. In Australia a joint venture can be incorporated into a separate legal entity on its own by virtue of incorporation under the Corporations Act, 2001 (Graw, Whitford Sangkuhl, 2015). The primary laws governing joint ventures in Australia are the Corporations Act 2001, Australian Securities and Investments Commissions Act 2001 (Cth) and Listing rules of the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX Listing Rules) (Park, Vertinsky Becerra, 2015). Recommended business structures In case of a farmer who hires digging equipment and drivers to work on project sites the ideal business structure would be sole proprietorship. As a sole proprietor the farmer would have complete control over the working of the venture and would be able to regulate the functioning of the venture entirely (Abdulsaleh Worthington, 2013). Another reason for this is raising capital and complying with regulatory provisions that apply to companies would be a tedious task that would not be beneficial for such a small-scale venture. A sole trader business would imply that the farmer is responsible for all the debts and liabilities of the venture (Hanrahan, Ramsay Stapledon, 2013). A former bank manager who wishes to become a financial advisor could ideally form a partnership business as this business structure is best suited for such transactions. In this way he could form an agreement with some of his peers and thus can share profits and losses (Cohen, 2017). A firm that provides financial advice requires various areas of expertise and thus employing multiple minds for the transactions would be ideal. Formation of a partnership business is also less tedious as it has lower compliance requirements. In case of such a business structure the liability of the partners would be unlimited unless the partners form a limited liability partnership (Storey, 2016). A rare earth prospector who is willing to start explorations in Central Australia and Kenya should opt for a joint venture. The reason is that in case of the joint venture, the parties will only be responsible for the liabilities of the venture in the proportion that has been decided in the joint venture agreement (Killing, 2013). In the same way, this contract will also provide the amount of profit that will be received by the parties or the loss that will be shared by the parties. The joint venture agreement also covers other matters like the objective and the structure of the venture as well as the financial contribution that is going to be made by each party to the project (Perkins, Morck Yeung, 2014). A joint venture is governed by the agreement, created by the parties and maybe incorporated or unincorporated based on the needs of the project. In this way, in the present case, creating a joint venture will be the most suitable option for starting the new business. In this case, a philanthropist is willing to establish a private nature park and the money will be used for funding research into their endemic species. Therefore, the facts of the case suggest that the most appropriate business structure will be the formation of a trust (Richardson, 2013). After the establishment of trust, an obligation will be imposed on the trustees according to which they will be required to hold the property or the assets for the benefit of others, in this case for funding the research related with rare endemic species (Benn Dunphy, 2013). Although it is expensive to set up a trust because a formal trust deed will clearly outline the way in which the trust is going to be operated it would be the most ideal structure for such a form of business as it would safeguard the investment adequately. Similarly, the trustees will be legally liable for the operations of the trust and they will have to undertake yearly administrative tasks (Dal Pont, 2015). Therefore in th e present case, the most suitable business structure will be the formation of a trust for establishing and managing the private nature park. A software developer who wishes to develop an app with the designed software would need to incorporate the business into a corporation. This is because the cost of developing an app and giving it the appropriate exposure would be immensely high and would also require a considerable amount of manpower (Hannigan, 2015). Thus, a company would be able to provide for the needs of such a venture adequately (Idowu, 2013). Moreover, the launching of an app is a risky business venture as its success completely depends on how it is received by the public in such a case it would be ideal for the developer to limit his liability by being a shareholder (McQueen, 2016). Conclusion To conclude the appropriate business structure for each venture depends on the needs of business. Reference list: Allen, W. T., Kraakman, R. (2016).Commentaries and cases on the law of business organization. Wolters Kluwer law business. Burns, P. (2016).Entrepreneurship and small business. Palgrave Macmillan Limited. Graw, Parker, Whitford and Sangkuhl, 2015, Understanding Business Law 7th ed LexisNexis Butterworths. Hanrahan, P. 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